Sanitation and personal hygiene

Social acceptance is an important part of encouraging people to use toilets and wash their hands, in situations where open defecation is still seen as a possible alternative, e.

Providing access to sufficient quantities of safe water, the provision of facilities for a sanitary disposal of excreta, and introducing sound hygiene behaviors are of capital importance to reduce the burden of disease caused by these risk factors. Sanitation technologies may involve centralized civil engineering structures like sewer systemssewage treatmentsurface runoff treatment and solid waste landfills.

Adding hypochlorite bleach in the washing process achieves inactivation of microbes.

Body, Facial, & Dental Hygiene

Any small piece here and there in your mouth can cause bad breathe and other dental problems like cavity. Respiratory viruses and fungal spores are spread via the air. Cook foods for the appropriate length of time and at the appropriate temperature to kill pathogens.

Purposes[ edit ] The overall purposes of sanitation are to provide a healthy living environment for everyone, to protect the natural resources such as surface watergroundwatersoiland to provide safety, security and dignity for people when they defecate or urinate.

Bad breath is another personal hygiene that needs to be taken care. Chemical disinfection using chlorine or iodine Boiling Filtration using ceramic filters Solar disinfection - Solar disinfection is an effective method, especially when no chemical disinfectants are available.

Dry sanitation[ edit ] The term "dry sanitation" is not in widespread use and is not very well defined. Keeping good hygiene can therefore reduce the chances of getting in contact with those health issues. Container-based sanitation Container-based sanitation CBS refers to a sanitation system where human excreta is collected in sealable, removable containers or cartridges that are transported to treatment facilities.

Drinking Water, Sanitation and Hygiene in Schools: Pathogens potentially infectious bacteria, viruses etc. A related term is a decentralized wastewater system which refers in particular to the wastewater part of on-site sanitation.

Community-led total sanitation Community-Led Total Sanitation CLTS is an approach to achieve behavior change in mainly rural people by a process of "triggering", leading to spontaneous and long-term abandonment of open defecation practices.

Sanitation & Hygiene

In addition to the necessity of water to maintain personal and environmental hygiene, reducing student dehydration in schools has been associated with improved cognitive abilities. Use safe water and raw materials.

Basic sanitation[ edit ] InJMP defined a new term:Personal hygiene begins at home, with the essential elements for good hygiene being a clean body, clean hair and clean clothing. Hair in food can be a source of both microbiological and physical contamination.

Hygiene is a set of practices performed to preserve dfaduke.coming to the World Health Organization (WHO), "Hygiene refers to conditions and practices that help to maintain health and prevent the spread of diseases." Personal hygiene refers to maintaining the body's cleanliness.

Many people equate hygiene with 'cleanliness,' but hygiene is a broad term. Water, Sanitation, & Hygiene (WASH)-related Emergencies & Outbreaks Note: Javascript is disabled or is not supported by your browser. For this reason, some items on this page will be unavailable.

HomeĀ» Difference Between Hygiene and Sanitation. Personal hygiene has become a famous topic in both private and public sectors. Good personal hygiene is a key to preventing the spread of diseases.

Cultures make a large impact on personal hygiene. Washing clothes and bathing every day are good hygienic practices. Sanitation and hygiene are critical to health, survival, and development. Many countries are challenged in providing adequate sanitation for their entire populations, leaving people at risk for water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH)-related diseases.

Importance of Personal Hygiene It is imperative for safe food-handling outcomes for all workers to be familiar with standard sanitation and hygiene practices.

Figure 4 shows the cycles of transmission of micro-organisms.

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Sanitation and personal hygiene
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