Both systems are also criticised for their tendency to cause a two party system, where smaller parties are disregarded and the established parties are given too much power.
Independence of irrelevant alternatives criterion[ edit ] N The independence of irrelevant alternatives criterion states that "the election outcome remains the same even if a candidate who cannot win decides to run. Manipulation charges[ edit ] The presence of spoilers often gives rise to suspicions that manipulation of the slate has taken place.
This happened in when Labour won seats with Furthermore, in Countries that use PR systems there are often very short term coalition governments that are constantly changing such as in Italy and Greece.
We have calculated DV scores for elections in the UK sinceand it is clearly far higher in all general elections shown in red below than it is in the proportional representation elections shown in green below. Economist Jeffrey Sachs explains: However with our FPTP system this is not the case.
Winners do not need to get a majority of votes i. A spoiler may also drop out at the last moment, inducing charges that such an act was intended from the beginning. So while the prospect of a hung parliament has receded, the problems with our voting system have remained in the foreground. This is not a great figure to encourage the public to vote.
This is not a great figure to encourage the public to vote. This problem is shown very clearly by the Lib Dem's results in Again the question of this systems democratic values comes into debate.
How can this be seen as a fair democratic result? First past the post was designed for a time when nearly everyone voted for one of the two biggest parties.
Voters have an incentive to vote for a candidate whom they predict is more likely to win, in preference to their preferred candidate who may be unlikely to win and for whom a vote could be considered as wasted.
The party with the most seats becomes the next government. In my opinion the main problem with FTPT is the fact many votes are wasted.
Examples include preferential voting systems, such as instant runoff votingas well as the two-round system of runoffs and less tested methods such as approval voting and Condorcet methods. The DV score looks as if it should run to a maximum at per cent — but in fact we would only get such a result if gave all the seats in Parliament to a party with no votes, which of course would not be a liberal democracy at all!
Through gerrymanderingelectoral areas are designed deliberately to unfairly increase the number of seats won by one party, by redrawing the map such that one party has a small number of districts in which it has an overwhelming majority of votes, and a large number of districts where it is at a smaller disadvantage.
In the UK, the Electoral Reform Society estimates that more than half the seats can be considered as safe. In its simplest form, under FPTP, voting takes place in single-member constituencies.
This means that the overall number of seats won by a party is rarely proportional to the number of votes it receives across the whole country. Smaller parties may reduce the success of the largest similar party[ edit ] Under first-past-the-post, a small party may draw votes away from a larger party that it is most similar to, and therefore give an advantage to another less similar large party.
Some would argue that FPTP voting systems encourage broad-church centrist policies and discourage extremist points of view The disadvantages and shortcomings of FPTP voting systems Representatives can get elected with small amounts of public support, as the size of the winning margin is irrelevant: DV is most marked in Wales and the North where levels are typically over 35 per cent.
This means that even popular parties can find themselves without elected politicians in significant parts of the country, leaving their supporters who may nevertheless be a significant minority unrepresented.
Tony Blairdefending FPTP, argued that other systems give small parties the balance of power, and influence disproportionate to their votes. However, others suggest that this disproportionality is only limited and is a necessary feature of strong and stable government. Even voters who distrust the media will know that others do believe the media, and therefore those candidates who receive the most media attention will probably be the most popular; A new candidate with no track record, who might otherwise be supported by the majority of voters, may be considered unlikely to be one of the top two, and thus lose votes to tactical voting; The method may promote votes against as opposed to votes for.
On this basis a large majority of votes may play no part in determining the outcome. FPTP is clear, simple and decisive in the majority of cases, but many would argue that it is anything but a representative voting system.First past the post or FPTP, also known as Simple Majority Voting, Winner-takes-all voting or Plurality voting is the most basic form of voting system.
In its simplest form, under FPTP, voting takes place in single-member constituencies. First Past the Post is the name for the electoral system used to elect MPs to Westminster.
Former British colonies tend to use the same voting system as Westminster. Many, including Australia, New Zealand, Ireland, Cyprus, Malta.
There are many criticisms about the FPTP system and about it's democratic values. In my opinion the main problem with FTPT is the fact many votes are wasted. In my opinion the main problem with FTPT is the fact many votes are wasted. There are many criticisms about the FPTP system and about it's democratic values.
In my opinion the main problem with FTPT is the fact many votes are wasted. Under the FPTP system anything up to around 70% of votes can be wasted in each constituency.4/4(1).
There are many criticisms about the FPTP system and about it's democratic values. In my opinion the main problem with FTPT is the fact many votes are wasted.
Under the FPTP system anything up to around 70% of votes can be wasted in each constituency. This is because votes not for the winning candidate are simply discarded/5(1). Criticisms of FPTP system In Britain our voting system is called First Past the Post (FPTP).
The UK is split into different constituencies and each constituency elects a single MP to enter the House of Commons.Download